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Margaret Hilda Thatcher was born Margaret Hilda Roberts on October 13, 1925 in Grantham, Lincolnshire, the younger of two daughters.
Her father Alfred Roberts was a grocer. Her mother Beatrice Ethel Stephenson was a trained house tailor. The family lived in an apartment above the father's shop, where Margaret and her sister helped out.
After attending elementary school in Kesteven and girls' high school in Grantham on a scholarship, Margaret Roberts studied chemistry at Oxford. In 1947 she earned her bachelor's degree in chemistry. She worked as an industrial chemist for four years and had her first job with British Xylonite Plastics. She later moved to J. Lyons & amp; Co., since their political activities were in Dartford. She ran for the first time for the general election in 1950 and initially failed.
In 1951 she married the wealthy entrepreneur Denis Thatcher. Not having to rely on her own income as a result, Margaret Thatcher studied law shortly after her marriage and then worked for a short time as an attorney for tax law. The twins Carol and Mark, born on August 15, 1953, are from his marriage to Denis Thatcher.
In 1959, Thatcher was elected to the House of Commons as the Conservative candidate for the Finchley constituency in the London borough of Barnet in the north of the metropolis. In 1961 she won the position of Parliamentary Secretary in the Ministry of Social Insurance. In 1970, Thatcher became Minister of Culture and Science in Edward Heath's cabinet. In the general election of May 3, 1979, Thatcher led the Conservative Party to victory, replacing James Callaghan's Prime Minister.
Margaret Thatcher was Prime Minister of Great Britain from 1979 to 1990. She was in office longer than any other prime minister in the 20th century.
After many active years in politics, she suffered several strokes in 2000 and 2001, which also led to permanent memory disorders. In mid-2008 it became known that she suffered from advanced dementia. On April 8, 2013, Thatcher died of complications from a stroke at the age of 87.